修复X转换Time Zone出错问题

IllegalArgumentException Unknown pattern character ‘x’, when using SimpleDateFormat

代码如下:

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try {
new SimpleDateFormat("yyyy-MM-dd'T'HH:mm:ssX").parse("2019-05-14T19:00:11+08:00");
} catch (ParseException e) {
e.printStackTrace();
}

在Android 8.0运行没问题,但在5.1及以下会抛“IllegalArgumentException Unknown pattern character ‘x’, when using SimpleDateFormat”,如此看来基本可以认为是版本兼容问题

首先我们查找文档对于格式化定义,之前文章日期格式化YYYY日期错位中有提到Java中Date and Time Patterns,下面我们再看看Android中java.txt.SimpleDateFormat中的
Date and Time Patterns

Date and Time Patterns

Symbol Meaning Kind Example
D Day in year Number 189
E Day of week Text E/EE/EEE:Tue,EEEE:Tuesday,EEEEE:T
F Day of week in month Number 2(2nd Wed inJuly)
G Era designator Text AD
H Hour in day (0-23) Number 0
K Hour in am/pm (0-11) Number 0
L stand-alone month Text L:1 LL:01 LLL:Jan LLLL:January LLLLL:J
M Month in year Text M:1 MM:01 MMM:Jan MMMM:January MMMMM:J
S fractional seconds Number 978
W Week in month Number 2
Z time zone (RFC 822) time zone Z/ZZ/ZZZ:-0800 ZZZZ:GMT-08:00 ZZZZZ:-08:00
a Am/pm marker Text PM
c stand-alone day of week Text c/cc/ccc:Tue, cccc:Tuesday, ccccc:T
d Day in month Number 10
h Hour in am/pm (1-12) Number 12
k Hour in day (1-24) Number 24
m Minute in hour Number 30
s Second in minute Number 55
w Week in year Number 27
y Year Number yy:10 y/yyy/yyyy:2010
z time zone Time Zone z/zz/zzz:PST zzzz:Pacific Standard Time
escape for text Delimiter ‘Date=’:Date=
‘ ‘ single quote Literal ‘o’’clock’:o’clock

从中我们看到X和Z都是time zone,改成Z即可。
Android中的SimpleDateFormat也是使用Java的api
Android 5.0开始采用了JDK 7,对应应该已经有X了,见SimpleDateFormat
但是我们从Android 22的源码中可以看到

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public class SimpleDateFormat extends DateFormat {

private static final long serialVersionUID = 4774881970558875024L;

// 'L' and 'c' are ICU-compatible extensions for stand-alone month and stand-alone weekday.
static final String PATTERN_CHARS = "GyMdkHmsSEDFwWahKzZLc";

// The index of 'Z' in the PATTERN_CHARS string. This pattern character is supported by the RI,
// but has no corresponding public constant.
private static final int RFC_822_TIMEZONE_FIELD = 18;

// The index of 'L' (cf. 'M') in the PATTERN_CHARS string. This is an ICU-compatible extension
// necessary for correct localization in various languages (http://b/2633414).
private static final int STAND_ALONE_MONTH_FIELD = 19;
// The index of 'c' (cf. 'E') in the PATTERN_CHARS string. This is an ICU-compatible extension
// necessary for correct localization in various languages (http://b/2633414).
private static final int STAND_ALONE_DAY_OF_WEEK_FIELD = 20;

private String pattern;

private DateFormatSymbols formatData;

Android 28

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public class DateFormatSymbols implements Serializable, Cloneable {
...
/**
* Unlocalized date-time pattern characters. For example: 'y', 'd', etc.
* All locales use the same these unlocalized pattern characters.
*/
// Android-changed: Add 'c' (standalone day of week), 'b' (day period),
// 'B' (flexible day period)
static final String patternChars = "GyMdkHmsSEDFwWahKzZYuXLcbB";

重点:
static final String PATTERN_CHARS = “GyMdkHmsSEDFwWahKzZLc”;
static final String patternChars = “GyMdkHmsSEDFwWahKzZYuXLcbB”;

源码里可以看到导致问题原因,但是为何Android 22中的java代码与Java 7中不一致呢?

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